Practice Quiz 1

1. Walden II (1948) described
    a. a laboratory of the future in which people were the subjects of experiments and animals are the experimenters
    b. a story of the demise of mentalism
    c. a autobiographical novel by Skinner, disclosing his contempt for non-behaviorists
    d. a book about a utopian society in which punishment is shunned and rewards guide people to full exploitation of their skills

2. Skinner was wrongly charged with
    a. being an environmentalist
    b. believing in the importance of consequences
    c. advocating coercive control of behavior
    d. proposing a utopian society based on operant principles

3. According to Skinner, contingent means
    a. independence of events
    b. whether events are separated in time or occur together
    c. inhibition of one event by another
    d. dependence of an event on the prior occurrence of another event

4. Rudy has learned from his mother that physical punishment is a way to control people. How does it show up in his behavior?
    a. he has become very good at verbally persuading his sister to give him his way
    b. he uses physical violence and threats of violence to control his sister
    c. he displaces his aggression onto the little boy next door
    d. he turns his aggression inward by mutilating himself

5. When Aliza hits Rudy in retaliation for his attack on her, what has she become?
    a. a "bad mother"
    b. a fool: she should have hit him BEFORE he hit her
    c. a model who teaches aggressiveness to Rudy
    d. a hostile/aggressive personality type

6. In Rudy's case, which of the following represents the degree to which the conditions that must hold if threat of punishment is to effectively deter future aggression are actually in force?
    a. in Rudy's case, all the conditions that must be met to deter future aggression are in force
    b. in Rudy's case, none of the conditions that must be met to deter future aggression are in force
    c. in Rudy's case, only the condition "punishment must be severe" is in force
    d. in Rudy's case, only the condition "the potential aggressor must not be very angry" is in force

7. What was Skinner's relationship with Debs, the baby in the box?
    a. strained
    b. uneven; she never forgave him for rearing her in a box
    c. distant
    d. warm and close

8. What is the way we recognize Skiiner's view of freedom, that is not fully recogniaed?
    a. the freedom to determine our own behaviors in an absolute sense
    b. the freedom to think any thought we wish and have it determine our behaviors
    c. the attribution of our own behaviors to our enviroment
    d. the freedom to determine the consequences of our responses without arranging contingencies in our environments

9. Which of the following is one of Skinner's ideas?
    a. psychotherapy
    b. reverse psychology
    c. common sense applied to science
    d. time out

10. Skinner coined the term
    a. psychosis
    b. classical conditioning
    c. instrumental conditioning
    d. behavior therapy

Answer Keys