Personality Theories: Kelly, Quiz 3

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1 All except one of the following are research findings regarding cognitively complex and simple people and differences between the cognitive conditions they represent. Which is NOT a complex-simple research finding?
complex persons are better at predicting the behavior of others
simple people are, on average, unable to maintain social relations for long periods of time
people are more complex when describing their in-group, compared to an out-group
college students showed more complexity in their descriptions of their own age group

2 How have researchers revised the Role Repertory Test (REP) so that it is applicable to a variety of settings?
they have replaced the fixed role titles (mother, sister, etc.) with titles appropriate for the circumstances being studied
they have abandoned the requirement that subjects cast constructs into emergent and implicit poles
that have added many role titles to those that Kelly used
they have changed the procedure so that subjects no longer have to use role titles: they specify constructs directly

3 All except one of the following are steps in fixed role therapy. Which is NOT one of those steps?
the client describes himself in terms of central and troublesome constructs
the client decides which of his troublesome constructs should be the focus of therapy
the therapist writes a fixed role for an imaginary character and the client acts out the part of that character using the new role
the client tries out the role and he and the therapist discuss reactions of others

4 Which is a criticism that hits at the heart of Kelly's theory?
he has failed to relate his concepts one to the other
his notion of the construct system defies available neurological evidence
his ideas about developmental psychology conflict with those of several other theories
for some constructs the implicit pole is not a true opposite of the emergent pole, but its negation

5 Which of the following is a short-coming of the Role Construct Repertory (REP) Test?
it has seldom proven useful in real world
it is virtually uncorrelated with other personality tests
the assumptions behind it are alien to the most popular orientation in the U.S.
the REP test does not measure what it claims to measure

6 Jim's superordinate construct "trust-distrust" can be said to have
really only one pole
only a few elements associated with it
a wide range of convenience
an flavor of simplicity to it

7 When an individual discovers that her of his constructs do not apply to critical events anymore, he or she experiences
threat
distortion
anxiety
fear

8 Joan pleads with Jim to
make his constructs more permeable
kiss up to Professor Martinson
to consider the C-P-C cycle
go out with her so they can talk things over

9 Dependency constructs tend to be
complex
easy to change
global
free flowing

10 All of the following are reasons why PCT is applicable to a broad spectrum of cultures, except one. Which is NOT a reason why PCT is broadly applicable to diverse cultures?
it is one-person-at-a-time
it is open-ended
it is flexible
it is content-specific