Personality Theories: Kelly, Quiz 2

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1 To Kelly, threat is
what people experience when their construct systems do not apply to critical events
what people experience when a new construct appears to be entering the system and may be dominant
what people experience when their construct system appears to be fusing with that of another person
people's realization that their entire construct system will be over-hauled

2 All except one of the following are coincidences of Kelly's thought with that of other theorists. Which is NOT one of those coincidences?
like Skinner, he believed in change via human intervention
like Maslow, he believed that something like instincts lie behind behavior
Like Rogers he did not believe that one and only one set of procedures is effective in therapy
like Skinner and Rogers, Kelly was concerned about creativity

3 Joan's construct system is organized by "abstracting across the cleavage line," which means
constructs are arranged in a concentric pattern
whole constructs fall under superordinate emergent and under superordinate implicit poles
constructs bear adversarial relationship to one another such that each opposes and complements the other
subordinate constructs fall directly under the corresponding emergent and implicit poles of the superordinate constructs

4 Predictability refers to
the ability to predict the future
the child's ability to predict what its parent are going to do with regard to it
parents' ability to predict what their children will do with regard to parent/child exchanges
the ability to predict the outcome of social interactions

5 How did Johnny, in the text's sample case, ensure that his parents were predictable?
he behaves exactly as they want him to
he suppresses behavior as well as he can in their presence
he misbehaves
he waits until they behave and then mimics what they do

6 Tight constructs yield ______ predicitability while loose constructs yield _______ predictability.
good; poor
unvarying; varying
weak; strong
definite; indefinite

7 A role involves
behaving in ways that meet the expectations of important other people
the social equivalent of a cognition
acting out a part without actual becoming the person implied by the part
a commitment to a certain social order

8 Elaborative choice refers to
selecting an alternative aligned to one construct dimension which appears to provide greater opportunity for elaboration
a period of trying on for size the various constructs available in one's repertory
attempting to expand a construct dimension so that it applies to more situations
working with constructs to bring out implicit poles

9 The choice phase is
a period during which one construct is allowed to appropriate the situation and define a pair of alternatives from which to choose
a period of trying on for size the various constructs available in one's repertory
a period during which choice is delayed until the individual is able to size up the situation
a decision time in which the person selects one of the alternatives provided by the construct that has preempted the situation

10 A cognitively simple person
a person with very simplex constructs
a person who lacks intelligent by virtue of having a construct system that is unlike others'
a person who has a construct system with many constructs that are highly distinct from one another
a person who has a construct system that is characterized by blurred distinctions among constructs