Personality Theories: Kelly, Quiz 1

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1 A program to deal with personal problems is like
a fishing expedition
a wild game hunt
a well-organized party
a scientific experiment
one of Nichols' exams

2 Kelly's fundamental postulate is
the assumption that a person's psychological processes are routed through various channels by the way the person anticipates events
humans can solve their problems if they are provided with another person to act as a sounding board off which they can bounce their emotions
the important events for understanding humans are internal
people are able to accurately predict their outcomes in the future, provided they record past rewards

3 What is Jim's problem as he sees it on a superficial level?
Professor Martinson's stubbornness and inconsistency
his friend Joan's unwillingness to appreciate his predicament and offer any sympathy
his own stupidity for missing so much class
Joan's unwillingness to consider any relationship with him, but friendship

4 What is Jim's real problem, related to his construct system?
he really can't stand Professor Martinson
he is overwhelmed with self-loathing
he wants Professor Martinson to trust him 
he wants Joan to be closer to him

5 The implicit pole of a construct is
the contrasting end
the primary and principle end
the highest pole
the more dense pole

6 According to Kelly, and similar to Jung, people see the world in terms of
significant others
unsatisfied needs
one's ancestral past

7 Adopting the construct "tolerant" almost always
fails to affect the adopter
lowers the adopter's prejudice level
brings "intolerant" with it
includes adoption of the construct "thoughtful"

8 The range of focus refers to
the events to which a construct is most readily applied
the extent and breadth of the event-category to which a construct applies
the range of constructs that a particular person has developed during maturation
the level of development of the person's construct system

9 "Impermeable" refers to
the level of rigidity of a person's construct system
the degree to which a person's construct system is inpenetrable, and, therefore, not subject to change
the hardness of the surface of a person's construct system
the tendency for some constructs not to change in terms of range of convenience and place in the construct system

10 "Individuality" refers to
the uniqueness of a construct: it is shared with no other construct system, although some approximations to it may exist in other systems
differences between construct systems in terms of the constructs contained in each and in how they are organized
the degree to which constructs are individual: that is, unconnected to other constructs
differences among individuals who share the same construct system