Practice Quiz 2

1. Which of the following refers to a continuum of behavior analogous to a yardstick?
 a. personality traits
 b. behavioral dimension
 c. personality profile
 d. individual differences

2. The preliminary definition of personality is
 a. all those psychological characteristics that encompass emotions, behavior, thought, and psychological problems
 b. a set of degrees falling along many behavioral dimensions, each degree corresponding to a trait
 c. consciousness and unconsciousness
 d. all psychological factors, including those relating to intellectual functioning

3. People who use unscientific methods tend to select observations on the basis of
 a. quantifiability
 b. ability to manipulate variables
 c. convenience
 d. ability to systematize results

4. Which of the following is most clearly a variable?
 a. a dead tree's height
 b. a fossilized skeleton's size
 c. your birth date
 d. intelligence

5. Which of the following correlation coefficients represents the strongest relationship?
 a. -.89
 b. +.65
 c. +.02
 d. -.45

6. The independent variable
 a. Is manipulated by the experimenter
 b. has variance that occurs naturally
 c. does not actually vary
 d. is free to vary under the influence of the dependent variable(s)

7. Which of the following could reasonably be used as a projective test?
 a. multiple choice questions in written form
 b. pictures of people interacting in some way
 c. oral questions with definite answers
 d. requests for the identification of common objects

8. In the definition of personality, each behavioral dimension corresponds to
 a. a profile
 b. a trait
 c. a social situation
 d. an emotion

9. All except one of the following were reported by Masling (1997) in his comparison of objective and subjective tests. Which did he NOT report?
 a. Rorschach testers are unaware that they are providing test-takers with subtle cues which shape their responses
 b. male and female TAT administrators emphasized different card
 c. it is nearly impossible to fake objective test responses
 d. objective tests predict behavior best in the short term

10. In the context of psychology, diversity refers to
 a. the same thing as individual differences
 b. numerous cultures
 c. change within a person on many different dimensions
 d. the same thing as in the animal kingdom

Answer Keys