INTRODUCTION
Practice Quiz 1

1. Which of the following is a key psychological phrase generally referring to the observation that people differ in a variety of ways?
 a. personality traits
 b. behavioral dimension
 c. personality profile
 d. individual differences

2. Which of the following refers to internally based psychological characteristics that often correspond to adjectival labels such as shy, kind, mean, outgoing, dominant, and so forth?
 a. personality traits
 b. behavioral dimension
 c. personality profile
 d. individual differences

3. Which of the following is a serious short-coming of the preliminary definition of personality?
 a. it is too short: it would have to be a page long to accommodate all the concerns of the many personologists
 b. it fails to rely on behavioral consistency
 c. it emphasizes physiological processes too much
 d. it focuses on developmental processes too little

4. In the case of correlation, researchers are usually interested in
 a. whether variation in one variable closely corresponds to variation in another
 b. the curvature of the line relating two variables
 c. positive relationships, only
 d. negative relationships, only

5. In a negative correlation
 a. high values on one variable correspond to low values on the other
 b. high values on one variable correspond to high values on the other
 c. values on one variable do not correspond to values on the other
 d. values of the variables are obtusely related

6. Which of the following relationships may imply cause and effect?
 a. the positive relationship between the height of husbands and the height of wives
 b. the negative relationship between waist size and head size
 c. no example is entirely appropriate: correlation does not mean causation
 d. the nil relationship between wealth and religious conviction

7. All of the following are types of validity, except one. Which one is not a type of validity?
 a. convergent
 b. predictive
 c. test retest
 d. construct validity

8. Which of the following tests is likely to show the highest validity and reliability?
 a. Rorschach Test
 b. the SAT or ACT college entrance exams
 c. the Sentence Completion Test
 d. Thematic Apperception Test

9. Which of the following is most clearly a psychological variable?
 a. body temperature
 b. brain waves
 c. I.Q.
 d. eye color

10. Which of the following represents test "reliability"?
 a. scoring differently on different administrations of a test
 b. scoring the same on two different forms of a test
 c. scoring differently on one-half than on the other half of a test
 d. scoring the same on two different tests
 

Answer Keys