Practice Quiz 1

1. Bandura's theory focuses on
    a. the consistency of behavior
    b. both the variability and stability of behavior
    c. the variability of behavior
    d. the magnitude of behavior in proportion to environmental influence

2. Personal agency refers to
    a. a person acting as an agent on her or his behalf
    b. coming to believe that one can make things happen that will benefit oneself and others
    c. the ability of certain people to affect their environment in a way that benefits others
    d. the aspiration of most people regarding their ability to change their environment

3. Goals (Bandura) are
    a. essential to a firm sense of self
    b. illusions that must be eliminated, if people are to succeed
    c. all that one needs to succeed
    d. anticipated achievements that are in line with current personal standards

4. Response facilitation refers to
    a. processes that make a response easier to perform
    b. facilitating the responses of others as they perform those responses
    c. old responses being disinhibited as a result of watching a model's performance
    d. people facilitating the responses of other people in a reciprocating process

5. Intrinsic motivation refers to
    a. desire for intrinsic rewards
    b. motivation originating outside the individual
    c. motivation at the top of the hierarchy of motivations
    d. motivations with especially great longevity

6. What is associated with defensive behavior (Bandura)?
    a. anxiety, initially
    b. anxiety, continually
    c. displacement
    d. rationalizations

7. A phobia is
    a. a fear of something scary
    b. a problem for most people
    c. a very minor psychological disorder
    d. an irrational fear

8. Which one of the following is a definition of displacement or a definition of diffusion of responsibility?
    a. spreading the responsibility among actors for having been forced to perform an act
    b. displacing, for example, aggression onto other than the person who attacked oneself
    c. spreading the responsibility for taking some action to other persons present
    d. displacing oneself from the scene of a reprehensible act

9. What does social cognitive theory need?
    a. borders
    b. a rather complete restructuring as it is chaotic at present
    c. to be extended to the field of abnormal behavior
    d. concepts that are better differentiated

10. Which of the following is an accurate statement about social cognitive theory?
    a. the cognitive element is more important than the social element
    b. the social element is more important than the cognitive element
    c. it is more relevant to neuropsychology than any other theory covered in this text
    d. it is on the cutting edge of the cognitive movement in psychology

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