Practice Quiz 2

1. Which of the following is the best definition of social interest?
 a. feelings about social and institutional matters
 b. efforts to develop social feeling
 c. the dominance of social considerations over individual concerns
 d. concern for the community and the need to associate/cooperate with people

2. Which of the following is most clearly true to the concept "law of movement?"
 a. the direction taken by the individual in his or her ability to exercise free choice
 b. the individual's unique movement toward self-created goals and ideals
 c. the manner of behaving that characterized the individual relative to others
 d. the socioeconomic level of the individual throughout most of his or her life

3. Neurosis (Adler) is
 a. an extreme form of reaction to shock a person's automatic, unknowing exploitation of symptoms
 b. experienced when a person's fiction runs head-on into reality
 c. what occurs when consciousness and unconsciousness clash
 d. experienced when two people in a close relationship develop different prototypes

4. Which of the following is the best definition of "striving for superiority?"
 a. overcoming an organ defect that is particularly disfiguring
 b. exaggerated, abnormal form of striving involving "overcompensation" for personal weakness
 c. universal phenomenon that parallels physical growth; the goal of obtaining perfection
 d. the faulty method of addressing one's inferiority by literally faking superiority

5. Of family members, who is the most important in the child's development, according to Adler?
 a. siblings
 b. grandparents
 c. mother
 d. father

6. According to Huber and colleagues (1989), Frankenstein labored under the delusion that he was a superior human being. What came as a shock to him?
 a. rejection by his adopted sister
 b. the imperfection of his creature's face
 c. rejection by the townspeople
 d. the inattention, implying a lack of respect for his genius, shown by people at his university

7. Leak and Williams (1989b) related social interest scores to hardiness and alienation. They found
 a. social interest was negatively related to total hardiness
 b. alienation and social interest were unrelated
 c. the greater the social interest the greater the hardiness
 d. alienation and hardiness were more closely related than either was to social interest

8. Which was most true of Adler?
 a. he was recognized in his time, but had little influence later
 b. he was known for his in-depth, detailed assessments of childhood traumas
 c. he believed that questions of morality were beyond the arena of appropriate inquiry for psychologists
 d. he was a model of the responsible, humanitarian professional

9. For Adler, one's prototypical goal
 a. is a means of adopting to life
 b. defines the way one is sure to turn out
 c. influences of the opposite sexed parent
 d. is how far one has come in the search for selfness

10. According to evolutionary theory, what is the basis of sibling rivalry?
 a. jealousy over physical attractiveness
 b. fear of abandonment
 c. jealousy over the greater skills of the older sibs
 d. competition for available resources

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