Practice Quiz 1

1. "Individual psychology" means
 a. a conception of a unique human as a interconnected whole
 b. the psychology of the individual rather than of the group
 c. a psychology of the masses that concentrated on the disenfranchised
 d. the vision of a new discipline that would emphasize environmental influences

2. All except one of the following are ways that social feeling is expressed. Which is NOT a way social feeling is expressed?
 a. in the capacity to develop and maintain friendships
 b. in the ability to be interested in work
 c. in the ability to foster sound political policy
 d. in an interest in love

3. Shock is
 a. an extreme form of reaction; a person's automatic, unknowing exploitation of symptoms
 b. experienced when a person's fiction runs head-on into reality
 c. what occurs when consciousness and unconsciousness clash
 d. experienced when two people in a close relationship develop different prototypes

4. All of the following people are living examples of overcoming weaknesses, except one. Who is NOT an example of overcoming weaknesses?
 a. James Earl Jones (Darth Vader)
 b. Geraldo Rivera (TV host)
 c. Carl Lewis (several Olympic gold medals)
 d. John Stossell (ABC's 20/20)

5. Research by Zajonc and Parrish and a review by Falbo, indicate all of the following, except one. Which is NOT indicated by their work?
 a. first borns are more likely to end up in the U.S. senate
 b. last borns are the most intelligent
 c. later borns added to the family dilute the intellectual atmosphere
 d. first borns are not expected to succeed

6. What is the critical point to be made about early recollections?
 a. recollections say more about the person in the present than the person as a child
 b. recollections are the best known way to get at the person's childhood
 c. recollections provide valuable data regarding child rearing practices
 d. measures of early recollection are more valid and reliable that other personality measures

7. Leak and Williams (1989a) used two superior measures of social interest and found
 a. males scored higher than females
 b. the sexes did not score differently
 c. the greater the social interest, the more positive were perceptions of family environment
 d. the higher the social interest the lower the extraversion score

8. To Adler, a brief therapy approach was
 a. a matter of shortening the length of sessions so that clients would not have to be in an emotionally charged atmosphere for long
 b. techniques to solve clients problems in a specifiable and small number of sessions
 c. a means of shortening the total relationship between the therapist and patient, regardless of the number of sessions
 d. a ridiculous idea that was not in the best interest of the client

9. To Adler, what lies behind personality development?
 a. childhood trauma
 b. complexes
 c. childhood beliefs
 d. appetites

10. Early in the history of the "birth order" factor, Adler warned
 a. birth order will prove to be THE most important variable
 b. birth order will finally prove to be an unimportant factor when other variables like gender and family wealth are considered
 c. birth order will be important only for last borns and only children
 d. birth order itself is less important than the individual child's psychological situation

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