Learning Objectives

Exam Unit 3

When you have satisfactorily completed your study of the material for this exam unit, you should be able to do the following things.  If you can do all of these things, you should be in good shape for the exam.  If you cannot, then more study is called for.  Otherwise, you can expect to have difficulties with the exam.


Chapter 12 —  Personality 

  1.  Describe the two important qualities of personality, consistency and distinctiveness.
  2.  Explain how culture and evolutionary processes influence the development of personality.
  3.  Distinguish among the Freudian concepts of the conscious mind, the preconscious mind, and the unconscious mind.
  4.  Distinguish among the Freudian concepts of id, ego, and superego.
  5.  Identify the characteristics of each of Freud’s psychosexual stages.
  6.  Distinguish among the following defense mechanisms: rationalization, reaction formation, displacement, projection, and regression.
  7.  Explain the characteristics of each of the following variations of Freud’s theory: Adler’s individual psychology, Jung’s analytical psychology, and Horney’s neo-Freudian perspective.
  8. Explain the criticisms of Freud’s theory and discuss the areas of empirical support for his theory.
  9.  Explain the tenets of the humanistic perspective, and distinguish between the approaches taken by Rogers and Maslow.
10. Discuss the study of “self” in psychology.
11. Define “trait” and explain the view of the trait perspective.
12. Describe the use of factor analysis in identifying personality traits.
13. List and describe the factors that comprise the Five Factor model of psychology.
14. Discuss the relationship between genetic and environmental factors in the shaping of personality.
15. Describe the challenges to the idea that traits reliably predict behavior.
16. Explain the view of personality provided by the social-cognitive perspective.
17. Identify reciprocal determinism, self-efficacy and locus of control.
18. Describe the criticisms of the social-cognitive perspective.
19. Distinguish between projective and objective tests in the measurement of personality, and give examples of each test.

Chapter 13  —  Psychological Disorders

  1.  Discuss the medical model approach to mental disorders.
  2.  Identify and explain the criteria used to differentiate normal from disordered behavior.
  3.  Identify the theoretical perspectives used to explain mental illness.
  4.  Discuss the risks and benefits in using diagnostic labels for mental disorders.
  5.  Identify the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
  6.  Identify and describe the characteristics of the following anxiety disorders: panic disorder, phobic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
  7.  Discuss the roles played by biological, behavioral, and organic factors in anxiety disorders.
  8.  Distinguish between depression and bipolar disorder.
  9.  Discuss the etiology of mood disorders.
10. Identify and describe the following dissociative disorders: dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, and dissociative identity disorder.
11. Discuss the etiology of dissociative disorders.
12. Identify the characteristics of schizophrenia and distinguish among the following types: paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, and undifferentiated.
13. Discuss the etiology of schizophrenia.
14. Describe the characteristics of somatoform disorders and distinguish among the following: conversion disorder, somatization disorder, hypochondriasis, and body dysmorphic disorder.
15. Discuss the etiology of somatoform disorders.
16. Discuss the characteristics of personality disorders and identify the antisocial personality disorder.
17. Discuss the etiology of personality disorders.

Chapter 14  —  Therapy

  1.  Distinguish between psychotherapy and biomedical therapy.
  2.  List and describe the three primary mental health professions that provide therapy.
  3.  Discuss the characteristics of psychodynamic therapies and discuss the importance of free association.
  4.  Discuss the criticisms of psychodynamic therapy.
  5.  Describe the characteristics of behavioral therapy.
  6.  Distinguish among the following behavioral therapy approaches: systematic desensitization, response prevention, and aversive conditioning.
  7.  Describe the therapeutic uses of operant conditioning and observational learning.
  8.  Distinguish between the following types of cognitive therapy: rational-emotive behavioral therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  9.  Describe the characteristics of humanistic therapy.
10.  Distinguish among the approaches taken by client-centered therapy, Gestalt therapy, and existential therapy.
11.  Describe the characteristics of child therapies, group therapy, and family and couples therapy.
12.  Discuss the characteristics of the following types of drug therapies: antipsychotic, antidepressant, and antianxiety drugs.
13.  Discuss the use of electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery.
14.  Describe the impact of managed health care on the treatment of psychological disorders.
15.  Discuss the results of efforts to document the effectiveness of psychotherapy.