LECTURE GUIDE 
 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

JOHN W. NICHOLS, M.A.

TOPIC #4: Learning Theory

I. TERMS FOR TYPES OF LEARNING THEORIES:
 
Pavlovian Conditioning
(Skinnerian Conditioning)
Classical Conditioning
Instrumental Conditioning
Respondent Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Type-S Conditioning
Type-R Conditioning

II. PAVLOVIAN / CLASSICAL / RESPONDENT / TYPE-S CONDITIONING

    A. Description: 

    B. Paradigms: 

        1. Basic Respondent Conditioning 

        2. Simultaneous Conditioning 

        3. Backward Conditioning 

        4. Higher-Order Conditioning 

    C. Key terms: 

    D. Basic principle: 

III. SKINNERIAN / INSTRUMENTAL / OPERANT / TYPE-R CONDITIONING

    A. Basic principle: 

    B. Description: 

    C. Paradigm: 

    D. Consequences: 

        1. Reward 
 
 

        2. Punishment 
 
 

    E. Reinforcement: 

        1. Positive vs. Negative 

            a. Positive 
 
 

            b. Negative 

        2. Primary vs. Secondary 

            a. Primary 
 
 

            b. Secondary 

        3. Specific vs. Generalized 

            a. Specific 
 
 

            b. Generalized 

    F. Schedules of Reinforcement: 

        1. Continuous: 

        2. Intermittent: 

            a. Fixed 

            b. Variable 

            c. Ratio 

            d. Interval 

        3. Combinations 

    G. Shaping: 

    H. Chaining: 
 

IV. GENERALIZATION:

    A. Response Generalization 

    B. Stimulus Generalization 

V. TWO-FACTOR THEORY:
 

VI. EXTINCTION:

    A. Classical Conditioning 

    B. Instrumental Conditioning 

VII. PUNISHMENT:

    A. Problems 

    B. Effective use of punishment 
 

WHERE TO GO FROM HERE?
TCC does not offer any advanced courses in learning theory, however, almost any course in psychology includes at least some coverage of the topic.