LECTURE GUIDE 
INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
 
JOHN W. NICHOLS, M.A.
 
Topic #10: Sleep, Dreams & Varieties of Consciousness
 
 
I. SLEEP & DREAMS 
    A. The Need for Sleep: 

 

    B. The Need for Dreams: 

 

    C. Cycles of Sleep: 

 

    D. Stages of Sleep - Characteristics/Purposes 

        1. Stage 1: 
 

        2. Stage 2: 
 

        3. Stage 3: 
 

        4. Stage 4: 

 

    E. Ultradian Rhythms (and Naps): 

 

    F. Nightmares / Night Terrors 

 

    G. Paradoxical Sleep: 

 

    H. Sleep Deprivation: 

 

    I. Dream Deprivation: 

 

    J. Effects of Sleep/Dream Deprivation: 
 

    K. REM Rebound: 

 
    L. Phalloplethysmorgraphic / Photoplethysmographic Studies: 
 

    M. Dream Analysis: 

        1. Freudian: 

            (a) Manifest Content: 

 

            (b) Latent Content: 

 

        2. Adlerian: 

 

        3. Modern: 

 

II. OTHER VARIETIES OF CONSCIOUSNESS: 
    A. New Information about Alcoholism: 

 

    B. Other Stuff: 

 

WHERE TO GO FROM HERE? 
TCC has no specific courses which deal largely or exclusively with the topics in this chapter or presentation.